Sapphires are a type of gemstone known for their brilliant blue colour and durability. They are part of the corundum mineral family, which also includes rubies. Sapphire is the birthstone for September and is a popular choice for engagement rings and other jewellery.
The colour of a sapphire is determined by the presence of iron and titanium in the mineral. The most valuable sapphires are a rich, deep blue hue. Sapphires also come in a range of other colours, including pink, yellow, green, and purple.
When buying a sapphire, there are several factors to consider, including colour, clarity, cut, and carat weight. A sapphire with good colour and clarity, and a well-cut shape, will generally be more valuable than a sapphire with poor quality in these areas.
It’s also important to be aware of treatments that may have been applied to a sapphire to enhance its appearance. Some common treatments include heat treatment, which can improve colour, and diffused treatments, which can add colour to the stone.
Sapphire is a highly valued gemstone that has been prized for its beauty and durability for thousands of years. The mineral, scientifically known as corundum, is found in various locations around the world, including Southeast Asia, Australia, Africa, and North America.
Sapphires were first discovered in the riverbeds of Sri Lanka, where they were used for religious and royal purposes. Over time, sapphire deposits were found in other parts of the world, including Kashmir, which became famous for producing some of the finest sapphires in the world with a rich, velvety blue colour.
Today, sapphires are found in various locations around the world, including Africa, South America, and Southeast Asia. Despite its widespread availability, the high demand for sapphires means that they remain a valuable and highly sought-after.